Tax Tables 2023/24

Tax Facts 2023/24

What you need to know about this year’s rates and allowances

Important information:

The following tax facts should be viewed as an indication of the rates and allowances available and relate to the current tax year (2023/24) unless stated otherwise. Tax law is notoriously complex and we cannot replicate every rule, nuance or exemption here. Therefore, you should not make, or refrain from making, any decisions based on this information alone. If you are in any doubt as to the suitable course of action, we recommend you seek tax advice. Remember tax rules can change and how they affect you may depend on your personal circumstances. Information believed to be correct as at 29/06/2023.

Shortcuts

Income tax allowances and bands

Main personal allowances and reliefs

2023/24

2022/23

Personal allowance*

£12,570

£12,570

Marriage/civil partners’ transferable allowance

£1,260


£1,260

Married couple’s/civil partners’ allowance at 10%†

(if at least one born before 6/4/35) – maximum

£10,375

£9,415

– minimum

£4,010

£3,640

Blind person’s allowance

£2,870

£2,600

Rent-a-room relief

£7,500

£7,500

Property allowance and trading allowance (each)

£1,000


£1,000

*Personal allowance reduced by £1 for every £2 of adjusted net income over £100,000

†Married couple’s/civil partners’ allowance reduced by £1 for every £2 of adjusted net income over £34,600 (£31,400 for 22/23) until minimum reached

UK taxpayers excluding Scottish taxpayers’ 

non-dividend, non-savings income

2023/24

2022/23

20% basic rate on taxable income up to


£37,700


£37,700

40% higher rate on next slice of income over

£37,700

£37,700

45% additional rate on income over


£125,140

£150,000

Main personal allowances and reliefs

2023/24

2022/23

19% starter rate on taxable income up to

£2,162

£2,162

20% basic rate on next slice up to

£13,118

£13,118

21% intermediate rate on next slice up to


£31,092

£31,092

42% (41% for 22/23) higher rate on next slice up to

£125,140

£150,000

47% (46% for 22/23) top rate on income over

£125,140

£150,000

All UK taxpayers


2023/24

2022/23

Starting rate at 0% on band of savings income up to**

£5,000

£5,000

Personal savings allowance at 0%: 

Basic rate

£1,000

£1,000

Higher rate

£500



£500

Additional rate

£0


£0

Dividend allowance at 0%:


All individuals

£1,000

£1,000

Basic rate

8.75%

8.75%

Higher rate

33.75%

33.75%

Additional rate

39.35%

39.35%

Trusts: Standard rate band generally

£1,000

£1,000

Rate applicable to trusts:

Dividends

39.35%

39.35%

Other income

45%

45%

**Not available if taxable non-savings income exceeds the starting rate band

High Income Child Benefit Charge: 1% of benefit per £100 of adjusted net income between £50,000–£60,000

Registered Pensions


2023/24

2022/23

Lifetime allowance*

£1,073,100

£1,073,100

Money purchase annual allowance

£10,000

£4,000

Annual allowance**

£60,000

£40,000


Annual allowance charge on excess is at applicable tax rate(s) on earnings Pension commencement lump sum up to 25% of lifetime allowance for 23/24

*Lifetime allowance charge due to be removed from April 2023
**Reduced by £1 for every £2 of adjusted income over £260,000 (£240,000 for 22/23) to a minimum of £10,000 (£4,000 for 22/23), subject to threshold income being over £200,000

State Pensions


Annual

Weekly

New state pension

 £10,600.20


 £203.85

Basic state pension – single person*

 £8,122.40


 £156.20

 Basic state pension – spouse/civil partner*

 £4,867.20


 £93.60

*State pension age reached before 6/4/16

Tax Incentivised Investments

Total Individual Savings Account (ISA)

Annual

Weekly

limit, excluding Junior ISAs (JISAs)

 £20,000


 £20,000

Lifetime ISA

 £4,000

 £4,000

JISA and Child Trust Fund

 £9,000

 £9,000

Venture Capital Trust (VCT) at 30%

£200,000

£200,000

Enterprise Investment Scheme (EIS) at 30%*

£2,000,000

£2,000,000

EIS eligible for CGT deferral relief

No limit

No limit

Seed EIS (SEIS) at 50%

£200,000

£100,000

SEIS CGT reinvestment relief

50%

50%

*Above £1,000,000 investment must be in knowledge-intensive companies

National Insurance Contributions

Class 1

2023/24

Employee

Employee

NICs rate

12%

13.8%

No NICs for employees generally on the first

£242 pw


£175 pw



No NICs for younger employees* on the first

£242 pw

£967 pw

NICs rate charged up to

£967 pw

No limit

2% NICs on earnings over

£967 pw

N/A

*No employer NICs on the first £967pw for employees generally under 21 years, apprentices under 25 years and veterans in first 12 months of civilian employment. No employer NICs on  the first £481pw for employees at freeports and investment zones in Great Britain in the first three years of employment

Employment allowance

£5,000

Per business – not available if sole employee is a director or employer’s NICs for 22/23 are £100,000 or more

Limits and thresholds

Weekly

Monthly

Annual

Lower earnings limit

£123

£533

£6,396

Primary threshold

£242

£1,048

£12,570

Secondary threshold

£175

£758

£9,100

Upper earnings limit 

(and upper secondary thresholds)

£967

£4,189

£50,270

Class 1A Employer On most employees’ and directors’
taxable benefits

13.8%

Class 2 Self-employed 

Flat rate per week

£3.45 (£179.40pa)

Small profits threshold

£6,725

Lower earnings limit

£12,570

Class 4 Self-employed

On annual profits of £12,570 to £50,270

9%

Over £50,270

2%

Class 3

Voluntary flat rate per week

£17.45 (£907.40pa)

Capital Gains Tax

2023/24

2022/23

Annual Exemption:

Individuals, estates etc

£6,000

£12,300

Trusts generally

£3,000

£6,150

Tax rate:

Below UK higher rate band

10%

10%

Witihn UK higher and additional rate bands

20%

20%

Trusts and estates

20%

20%

Surchages for residential property and carried interest

8%

8%

Business Asset Disposal Relief
10% on lifetime limit of £1,000,000 for trading businesses and companies (minimum 5% participation) held for at least 2 years

Inheritance Tax

2023/24

2022/23

Nil-rate band*

£325,000

£325,000

Residence nil-rate band*†

£175,000

£175,000

Rate of tax on excess

40%

40%

Rate if at least 10% of net estate left to charity

36%

36%

Lifetime transfers to and from certain trusts

20%

20%

Overseas domiciled spouse/civil partner exemption

£325,000

£325,000

*Up to 100% of the unused proportion of a deceased spouse’s/civil partner’s nil-rate band and/or residence nil-rate band can be claimed on the survivor’s death. 

†Estates over £2,000,000: the value of the residence nil-rate band is reduced by 50% of the excess over £2,000,000

100% relief: businesses, unlisted/AIM companies, some farmland/buildings
50% relief: certain other business assets
Annual exempt gifts of: £3,000 per donor £250 per donee
Tapered tax charge on lifetime gifts between 3 and 7 years of death
Years 0–3 full 40% rate, then 8% less for each year until 0% at 7 or more years

Stamp Duties and Property Transaction Taxes

Stamp Duty and SDRT:

Stocks and marketable securities

0.5%

Additional residential and all corporate residential properties

£40,000 or more – add 3% to SDLT rates, 6% to LBTT rates and 4% to most LTT rates

 England & N Ireland – Stamp Duty Land Tax (SDLT) on slices of value

Residential property

%

Commercial property†

%

Up to £250,000

0

Up to £150,000

0

£250,001–£925,000

5

£150,001–£250,000

2

£925,001–£1,500,000

10

Over £250,000

5

Over £1,500,000

12

First time buyers: 0% on first £425,000 for properties up to £625,000 
Non-resident purchasers: 2% surcharge on properties £40,000 or more
Residential properties bought by companies etc over £500,000: 15% of total consideration, subject to certain exemptions
†0% for freeport and investment zone qualifying property in England only

 Scotland – Land and Buildings Transaction Tax (LBTT) on slices of value

Residential property

%

Commercial property†

%

Up to £145,000

0

Up to £150,000

0

£145,001–£250,000

2

£150,001–£250,000

1

£250,001–£325,000

5

Over £250,000


5

£325,001–£750,000

10

Over £750,000

12

First time buyers: 0% on first £425,000 

Wales – Land Transaction Tax (LTT) on slices of value

Residential property


%


Commercial property†

%

Up to £225,000

0

Up to £225,000

0

£225,001–£400,000

6

£225,001–£250,000

1

£400,001–£750,000

7.5

£250,001–£1,000,000

5

£750,001–£1,500,000

10

Over £1,000,000

6

Over £1,500,000

12

Corporation Tax

Year to 31/3/2024

Profits

Effective rate

Diverted profits

£0–£50,000


19.0%

 31%

£50,001–£250,000

26.5%

£250,001 and above

25.0%

Year to 31/3/2024

19%

25%

Loans to participators


Made in 2023/24

Made in 2022/23

33.75%

33.75%

Main Due Dates For Tax Payment

Income Tax, NICs and Capital Gains Tax – Self-assessment

  • 31 January in tax year –  Normally 50% of previous year’s income tax
  • Following 31 July (less tax deducted at source) and class 4 NICs
  • Following 31 January Balance of income tax, class 4 NICs, CGT and all class 2 NICs

Inheritance Tax

  • On death: Normally 6 months after end of month of death
  • Lifetime transfer 6 April–30 September: 30 April in following year
  • Lifetime transfer 1 October–5 April: 6 months after end of month of transfer

Capital Gains Tax – Residential UK Property

  • Report and pay within 60 days of completion of conveyance of the property

Corporation Tax – Self-assessment

  • Profits under £1,500,000: 9 months + 1 day after end of accounting period
  • Profits £1,500,000–£20,000,000: normally payable in 7th, 10th, 13th and 16th months after start of the accounting period
  • Profits over £20,000,000: normally payable in 3rd, 6th, 9th and 12th months after start of the accounting period
  • Growing companies: no instalments where profits are £10,000,000 or less and the company was not a large company for the previous year 

Important!

This document provides information and is only intended to provide an overview of the current law in this area and does not constitute financial advice, tax advice or legal advice, or provide any recommendations.

This information regarding taxation represents a summary of our understanding of the law at the date of its last review (March 2023). Tax limits, benefits, allowances and rules are often subject to change and may change in future.

Individuals should check that tax limits, allowances and rules have not changed.

The value of benefits depends on individual circumstances. Different options may have different effects for tax purposes, different implications for pension provision and different impacts on other assets and financial planning.

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